Search Results: Enforcement + Litigation

Texas Securities Sheriff Wrangles Metaverse Gamblers

Securities law enforcement entered the metaverse recently in the form of an emergency cease and desist order issued by the Texas State Securities Board against individuals and a company using NFTs to finance multiple metaverse casinos.  Much like Wyatt Earp busting into the O.K. Corral, this one gets interesting. The…

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SEC Examinations Division Publishes 2022 Priorities

The SEC Division of Examinations recently published its list of priorities for 2022.  While it was a bit late compared to a typical year, the priorities letter provides a roadmap for firms to better understand where the Division will take its examination efforts over the coming months. Significant focus areas…

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FINRA Reminds CCOs About Potential Supervisory Liability

FINRA recently published Regulatory Notice 22-10 reminding firms of the scope of Rule 3110 (Supervision) and the potential liability of Chief Compliance Officers for failure to reasonably discharge supervisory responsibilities delegated to them. FINRA recognizes that compliance and supervision are distinct roles that carry different obligations.  FINRA has said that…

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SEC Penalizes 12 Additional BDs and IAs with CRS Failures

On February 15, 2022, the SEC announced settlements with 12 broker-dealers and investment advisers for failing to satisfy their Form CRS obligations.  These settlements come on the heels of 27 settlements last year for similar violations.  While all settlements included both a failure to timely file and deliver relationship summaries,…

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FINRA Publishes 2022 Examination and Risk Monitoring Report

On February 9, 2022, FINRA published its 2022 Report on its Examination and Risk Monitoring Program, identifying key areas of focus for broker-dealer exams this year.  While each exam is unique to the firm under FINRA’s microscope, the Report provides a general roadmap of FINRA’s core concerns for 2022. FINRA’s…

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tZERO ATS Settlement with SEC: Square Peg/Round Hole or Simple Failure to Follow Existing Rules?

On January 10, 2022, tZERO’s ATS settled a matter with the SEC in which it agreed to an $800,000 fine.  Given the size of the penalty and substantial attention on the SEC’s approach to regulating digital asset securities, readers may have thought that this would present a blockbuster set of…

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SEC Staff Issues Report on “Meme” Stock Events and Market Structure Considerations

The onset of fall signals a sad realization that summer has ended, but also the joy that “market structure” season has arrived for securities industry participants and policy wonks.  Right on cue, in early October, SEC staff issued a report on equity and option market structure conditions related to the…

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SEC Seeks Input on BD and RIA Digital Engagement Practices

The SEC recently solicited public comment on digital engagement practices (DEPs) used by some broker-dealers and investment advisers, including predictive data analytics, differential marketing, and behavioral prompts (such as gamification).  The public comment window closes October 1, 2021.  Comments letters submitted already are available here—viewpoints run the gamut and are…

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SEC Charges 27 Firms with Form CRS Failures

Word to the wise: when a regulator kindly reminds you on multiple occasions that you need to comply with its rules, you should probably heed those warnings.  On July 26, 2021, the SEC announced settlements with 21 investment advisers and 6 broker-dealers that apparently did just the opposite.  In particular,…

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