Search Results: Exchanges

SEC Examinations Division Publishes 2022 Priorities

The SEC Division of Examinations recently published its list of priorities for 2022.  While it was a bit late compared to a typical year, the priorities letter provides a roadmap for firms to better understand where the Division will take its examination efforts over the coming months. Significant focus areas…

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Ding, Dong! The Dealer/Trader Distinction is Dead. HFTs and DEX AMMs Should Take Notice

The SEC recently proposed rules that would greatly expand the Exchange Act definition of “dealer” and essentially kill the existing dealer/trader distinction long-recognized by the SEC.  The likely outcome is that most proprietary trading firms will need to register with the SEC as dealers and become members of FINRA or…

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SEC Proposes Rules that Could Regulate DeFi, Extend to Aspects of Centralized Crypto Exchanges

Here is a link to our client alert addressing the SEC’s proposed change to the “exchange” definition, including introduction of the new term “communication protocol system.” There were zero references to crypto, blockchain, DeFi, or distributed ledger technology in the 654-page proposal. Nevertheless, the proposal makes clear that it applies…

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SEC Eyeing Rulemaking to Combat Market Volatility, Modernize Market Structure

On January 26, 2022, SEC Chairman Gary Gensler issued a brief statement noting the agency’s efforts to address the market volatility in January 2021 and beyond.  The statement referenced the SEC staff report on volatility and market structure conditions and a request for comment related to digital engagement practices or…

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tZERO ATS Settlement with SEC: Square Peg/Round Hole or Simple Failure to Follow Existing Rules?

On January 10, 2022, tZERO’s ATS settled a matter with the SEC in which it agreed to an $800,000 fine.  Given the size of the penalty and substantial attention on the SEC’s approach to regulating digital asset securities, readers may have thought that this would present a blockbuster set of…

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SEC’s Gensler Shines Additional Light on Agency’s Focus

The SEC has been increasingly focused on digital engagement practices (DEPs) and gamification in the marketplace.  In August, for example, the SEC solicited public comment on broker-dealer and investment adviser DEPs and potential regulatory approaches in this area.  In October, SEC staff produced a report on “meme” stock events and…

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SEC Staff Issues Report on “Meme” Stock Events and Market Structure Considerations

The onset of fall signals a sad realization that summer has ended, but also the joy that “market structure” season has arrived for securities industry participants and policy wonks.  Right on cue, in early October, SEC staff issued a report on equity and option market structure conditions related to the…

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